5 Must-Dos for Writing Compelling Villains


We all have our pet-peeves in literature and movies. Maybe you’re an avid romance reader who loathes the billionaire/poor plain girl trope. Or, perhaps you’re a fantasy lover who hates novels that use cliché fantasy races. Maybe you’re into horror, but you hate it when the main character doesn’t survive at the end of the story. I’ve heard all those complaints before, and trust me, I get it.


My pet peeve though?


Flat, boring villains. Bad guys who are bad just because they’re bad guys. Still with me? Allow me to elaborate.


Here in the real world, not many people wake up in the morning and stretch their legs, plotting out a day full of evil events to pass the time. So why does the villain in your novel have no real reason for being such a jerk? We know we’re not supposed to like the antagonist, but there should be at least some rhyme or reason behind their behavior.


Here are five quick tips to bust those weak villains.


  1. Remember villains are not always an external force. Sometimes, the conflict stems from the character’s inability to overcome internal fears or doubts. Sometimes the hero makes mistakes in his quest for justice and truth, and those feelings come back to haunt him later. Give your hero an internal villain to battle throughout the novel. Not only does it help your character grow, it adds another juicy bit of conflict to the story.
  2. Some stories have more than one villain. Like we saw in the Divergent series, sometimes our hero can be faced with a lesser-of-evils scenario. While the good-conquers-evil trope is wildly popular, the real world is often a lot more complicated. We are placed in situations where we are forced to set aside our opinions and ideals for the greater good often. Supernatural fans rejoice every time the writers force a partnership between the brothers and the King of Hell. The enemy of my enemy is my friend…right?
  3. Villains need motives. Even if your antagonist does wake up in the morning and brush his teeth while daydreaming about the atrocities he will commit later, surely there’s a why buried in there somewhere. Is there a traumatic instance or absence in his life? A psychiatric disorder? An event that caused them to lose hope or patience? This isn’t to say every antagonist needs a tragic backstory. They just need an explanation behind their behavior. Take, for example, an oppressive government entity. Why do they want to control the people? Is it capitalist greed? Do they believe they are helping somehow? The idea of an Evil Republic that is evil just for the sake of being evil falls a bit flat, and leaves your villain feeling undeveloped.
  4. Avoid cliché ‘bad guy’ dialog. We’ve heard the same lines rehashed repeatedly throughout the years in self-indulgent villain monologues. Unless you’re crafting an antagonist who was influenced somehow by the villains of film and literature, it’s probably best to avoid lines like, “We meet again” and “Say goodbye, hero!” Even if you’ve written the most fascinating backstory for a villain anyone has ever read, the corny dialog will remove a significant amount of their intimidation and believability for readers.
  5. Remember that your bad guy probably doesn’t see himself as evil. With a few exceptions, most people tend to think of themselves as the hero in their own story. While your antagonists’ actions might be selfish and devious, they probably have a certain goal in mind that makes their behavior justifiable (at least in their mind). By giving your villain a goal or mission, even the most heinous of actions can seem like a logical enough decision (morality aside).


I could keep going, of course. I love writing bad guys. What is your favorite technique for creating compelling villains? Do you have a favorite bad guy?


Tips for Writing with a Busy Schedule (Reblog)


Even on my days off from my “day job,” it always feels like I have a million things to do. Between course work, childrearing, and running the errands on my never-ending to-do list, trying to squeeze in 3,000 words a night can feel impossible. Luckily, here are some great tips published by author Ed A. Murray.

Hope you guys enjoy as much as I did!

We live busy lives, and they only seem to be getting busier. So on top of everything else, where in the world can we also find time to do that thing we love?

via 3 simple tips for writing around a busy schedule — Ed A. Murray

Creating Suspense: 9 Tricks to Create and Heighten Suspense in Your Writing


As a writer, I have always had a difficult time committing to a genre. I enjoy trying out different voices and styles, tweaking the world building or altering the setting until I often wind up with a “cross-over” manuscript. No matter what genre I drift towards, however, my love of suspense always seems to leak through. While it can be difficult to master the art of creating suspense, a novel that maintains a decent amount of suspense throughout the story can keep a reader’s attention despite possible plot holes or underdeveloped characters. Human nature is a curious thing, making suspense vital to an engaging story.

So, how do you hook a reader on the edge of their seat? How do you keep them reading until the last page?

  1. A strong hero requires a strong antagonist. This doesn’t mean you must write in the toughest of tough guys or the evilest villain you can imagine. It means that the hero’s opposition must be at least equal to his strength. If the hero is very obviously stronger/smarter/more resourceful than the conflict, readers will lose interest. Give your villain strengths or resources the hero lacks. Make the struggle an internal one the hero might not be quite ready to confront. Whatever the problem is, make sure your character suffers a little. Your readers will bond with them during their struggle.
  2. Raise the Stakes. Maybe your hero initially just wanted to steal enough money to pay his rent. Raise the tension by raising the stakes on his success. Perhaps instead of stealing rent money, your character is stealing food to keep his family from starving. Perhaps your hero was spotted, and now must evade law enforcement while trying to fix his cluttered life. Much like the point above, make your character suffer a little. If the stakes of the conflict aren’t high enough, readers are unlikely to be invested in the outcome.
  3. Break Your Reader’s Expectations. Chances are, your book will not be the first one a reader has opened. Avid readers are often difficult to surprise, having studied the same tropes and common set ups we analyze as writers. While many readers might prefer the predictability of a formula (the romance genre comes to mind), there are no set rules to writing fiction. Who said your romance novel must end with a happily ever after? Does good always conquer evil? It’s your story; feel free to challenge the reader’s expectations of where it is going and what comes next.
  4. Use Time to Your Advantage. Few things put the rush on a character quite like a ticking clock. Use time to create a sense of urgency for your character. Give him a deadline, and consequences if it isn’t met. Perhaps your character will lose the man of her dreams if she doesn’t tell him how she feels in time, or her father will die if she can’t find the antidote. Time is often a cruel master in the “real world.” Why should fiction be any different?
  5. Cut Down on the Action. Suspense is not created in the action-packed scenes filled with violence or action. Suspense is created on the pages between. The action-packed murder scene is not where suspense is created; suspension occurs during the abduction, or the attempt to locate the missing person. Suspense is created with questions, while action scenes offer deliver answers.
  6. Evoke Your Reader’s Emotions. Don’t just give us the logical reasons to care about the outcome of the conflict. Make us care. There are a variety of ways to do this, from introducing more emotional language to internal monologues or revealing dialog with other characters. However you tackle it, make sure your readers can feel why it matters. Don’t just tell us he’s nervous, show us the sweating of his palms and knots in his stomach.
  7. Add Uncertainty. Your character has been struggling along the same conflict for the first half of the novel, and they’ve finally identified a solution. Want to keep the suspension going? Add uncertainty to that ‘solution.’ Maybe it’s an approach no one has tried before, or one that has failed others in the past. Perhaps the last person to try things this way didn’t live long to talk about it, or maybe your character is in a situation there is no historical precedence for. Give your characters uncertainty and anxiety to go along with their plan, and let it transfer onto the page.
  8. Don’t Give it All Away! This one is difficult, I know. When we’re first learning to write, many of us learn to “set the scene” by giving an overabundance of information in the first few chapters. Some writers will try to fill in the entire backstory of their fictional world within two chapters, making sure to explain exactly why the conflict at hand matters. While this is great, it often removes a lot of the suspense and questions from the plot. Instead of wondering why things are done differently in World Q, the reader feels as though they already know all the answers. What could be left to learn? While it can be tempting to flood your readers with information early on to ensure they “get it,” resist the urge! Readers are often savvy people who enjoy connecting the dots on their own. Instead of squishing your character’s entire life story into the first two chapters, play around with weaving in bits and pieces gradually throughout the story. Your pacing, and suspense lovers, will thank you.
  9. Kill Someone. But Ivy, you just said murder isn’t suspense! Well, that was true. It’s not. I am also certainly not advocating stabbing anyone with your pen. When I struggle with suspense, I love dragging my friends together for a game of Clue. Pay attention to how the game plays out; the more the murder mystery increases, the more you want to know who killed him! Aim for the same feeling in your literature, and your readers will be hooked until the end.


What are some of your favorite ways to introduce and maintain the suspense? If you’ve got any tips, be sure to leave them in the comments!

How to Get Away with Murder (Sort of)


A great post, and great advice! I love to use those people who get under my skin as “feeder characters” my creatures consume later. *cue maniacal laughter*

I bet you have one, we all do. That person who sets your teeth on edge, who drives you up the wall, who makes you google how to get away with murder (I’m joking about that last one…). That person who makes your life difficult. Have you ever thought of them as Novel Fodder? Novel Fodder […]

via Annoying People Make the Best Characters — Blissful Scribbles

Crafting the Psychological Thriller


I came across this fabulous read by Mindy Schmidt and couldn’t resist the urge to share. The cat gifs make it all worth it, I promise.

For years now I’ve been almost exclusively writing YA fantasy in all its various forms – paranormal, dystopian, urban, speculative, and even a bit of science fiction (but that was a mistake, a very big mistake) – all revolving around a central, incredibly clichéd angsty romance. But for the last few months I’ve been writing a contemporary […]

via What is it like writing a dark psychological thriller? — Milly Schmidt

The Inheritence


My mother was always just a bit too much. She was habitually loud in conditions that called for quiet, overly-emotional in settings that required tranquility and calmness. She was careless and altruistic, finding room in her heart to love everyone apart from herself. When her episodes would come, she would turn on all of the lights in the house and turn the stereo all the way up, chasing away our worries and gloom with the sound of Miles Davis mixed with the tapping of feet as we danced. Though she smiled often, the expression was often but an empty gesture, something meant to reassure us that we would all be okay someday. She apologized often, forgave easily, and adored her family even when we were undeserving. On nights when I was sure my heart would break, she would sit next to my bed and whisper, “The hurt always precedes the happiness.” I watched her passions consume her, her obsessive nature driving her towards madness. Even at the end, she kept a smile on her face and hope in her heart. She never stopped to question if it was all worth it.

My father, in contrast, was never quite enough. He was a man of few words and somber thoughts, soundlessly chasing his woes with a bottle of Jack Daniels each night before bed. Even before the inevitable divorce, my childhood was filled with empty chairs at school events and dinner plates left untouched. While my mother showered the world in warmth, my father loved only himself and that which could benefit him. He often spoke in riddles, puzzles meant to perplex us children into silence and restore the peace. While my mother cried almost daily, I am convinced my father never learned to shed a tear. He was emotionally distant, maintaining a lifestyle driven by order and futile procedures. While my mother often felt too much, it was unclear throughout my childhood if my father ever felt anything at all. When he met the end of his life, he showed no fear or regret. He seemed to simply accept what was to come and surrender, wasting no effort on emotional goodbyes or last minute efforts to change the past.

Most expected me, the daughter of two such extremes, to find a happy medium. Instead, I became a walking contradiction, the embodiment of both extravagances in one fragile frame.

There are days in which my heart feels heavy, consumed by sorrow and guilt over the misfortunes of persons I have never met. Others, I am lost in a sea of self-preservation and narcissism, allowing my own troubles to blind me to the struggle of those closest to me. There are times in which I desperately want to connect with another human, to feel the warmth of their touch or the joys of companionship. Other days I am grateful I’m a cat person – my cats will never ask me to go on walks or socialize with other humans. Some days I am clingy, wrapping myself around my lover’s figure as though seeking to trap them within my embrace. Other days I crave solitude, allowing myself to disappear into the murkiest corners of my psyche as I search for long hidden answers to the questions of my life. Some days I am too loud, yammering on incessantly regardless of who is listening. Other days the words seem to become trapped in my mouth, my teeth a dam to prevent the secrets from spilling out.

Some days I am too much.

Some days I am too little.

Some days I wonder if the madness will come for me as well.

10 Questions to Get to Know Your Characters (AKA Schizophrenia)


  Normally, hearing voices in your head and having conversations with yourself signifies some pretty serious psychological issues. For writers and creative types, however, what looks like a sudden onset of schizophrenia is more than likely just a Tuesday afternoon.

      One of the easiest ways to ensure readers hate your book is to stuff it full of poorly constructed one-dimensional characters. While plot and setting are critical to a story, dialog and characters can make or break the final piece. In order for people to enjoy reading your work, you have to convince them to care about your characters. If the characters aren’t interesting to the reader, there’s no reason to care about their fate or the outcome of the story. If we aren’t invested in the protagonist, we are unlikely to care how his story ends. In order to fulfill this need, your characters have to be well-rounded, lifelike people with personalities of their own that your readers can identify with. Like the rest of us mere mortals, they have to possess both strengths and weaknesses, fears and ambitions. I know you’re asking by this point, how do I keep all this straight and create a story or scene full of lifelike characters? Luckily, that’s the fun part.

      The simple answer is this: get to know your characters. Think back to some of your favorite fictitious characters in books you’ve read in the past. What did the author do to create the dynamic facets of those characters’ personalities? Can you think of any books you’ve read where the characters were just not incredibly well written or interesting? Did you finish that book?

      Every writer I know uses a different technique to flush out and develop their characters. Your approach may be different, and that’s okay! We all have incredibly unique writing processes, and that leads to the incredibly different works we create. Well-developed characters have a way of taking on a life of their own, and in my experience sometimes even write themselves. I was in a grocery store with another writer friend when she stopped and picked up a container of hummus, mumbling something along the lines of hummus sounds like something her protagonist would be likely to eat. To anyone else, a grown woman picking out snacks for her imaginary friend looks a bit strange. To another writer, however, I knew I was watching her character flush himself out.

      Getting to know your characters can be useful during any stage of the writing process, though it is particularly helpful in the pre-writing stage. There are several websites filled with character mapping exercises for newcomers, and they can help provide better insight for you as an author on who your characters really are. If you’re feeling lazy and don’t want to pop open a new tab for Google (no judgment here), here are a few questions you could try answering along the way.

  1. What was your character’s childhood like? Did they have any siblings? Any issues with school or at home?
  2. What is your character’s personality type? Do they prefer to be alone, or surrounded by company? Are they introverted? Friendly? Playful? Somber?
  3. What is your character’s lifelong dream or fantasy? Will they ever be able to achieve it? What is in their way?
  4. Use your five senses to describe your character. What do they look like? Do they have any distinguishing physical features? Do they have a particular scent either naturally or from perfumes or colognes? What does their voice sound like? Are there any identifying accents or pitches? Do they have a taste? Maybe your hero is charming to look at, but the smell of stale cigarettes cling to his clothes. Maybe your heroine appears mousy and unnoticeable until she sings with the voice of an angel. Whatever your angle, sensory details help connect us to the setting and characters.
  5. What are some quirks or odd behaviors or habits your character has?

  6. What are some of their most notable achievements?

  7. What are their greatest weaknesses? Is our bad boy secretly afraid of spiders? Maybe the strong female protagonist is stubborn to the point of unreasonable. Perhaps the lonely scientist is a bit of a know-it-all, chasing off potential friends.

  8. What is your character afraid of? What thoughts keep them up at night? Where did the fear originate? Will they overcome it?

  9. Does your character have any regrets? Any moments they wish they could live twice?

  10. What is your character passionate about? What do they care about strongly enough to lay down their life for? Will they be presented the opportunity to do it?

      While these questions alone are nowhere near enough to fully develop a well-rounded character, they are a great way to think outside the box and get to know your characters a little deeper. Have fun and happy writing, everyone!

Creating Your World Without Sacrificing Plot


For some writers, setting and descriptive detail are a piece of cake. My best writer-friend, for example, thrives in the sci-fi and steampunk genre due to her intricately designed universes and strangely warped alternative timelines. Come to think of it, I’m not entirely positive she has written one piece of “realistic” fiction during the course of our six years of friendship. While her dialog is often a bit choppy and awkward, her use of imagery and compelling language tends to rope you into her universe before the end of the first page.

      For others of us, creating an entire universe is no easy feat. Tweaking the world I occupy currently? Sure, I could do that all day. I could provide intricate, in-depth descriptions of the coffee shop the couple is quietly arguing at, or describe an abandoned insane asylum in such expressive detail a reader can imagine the cobwebs in the corner. Creating entire towns within cities within worlds though? Please, someone tell me, what the hell was I thinking?

      It all started when I decided to work on my latest novel idea for last month’s Camp NANOWRIMO. Though I tend to lean more towards horror and dark fiction writing, I found myself drawn to a compelling plot landing closer to the dystopian fantasy end of the spectrum. Though I tried ignoring the idea at first, after day three it became pretty clear this story wanted to be written. So, I sat down to do what any semi-professional tries to do: research and pre-writing, working on crafting my world and characters before beginning the novel.

      Within the first hour, I wanted to slam my face into my keyboard.

      Luckily, I made it through, and it only took me until 4 A.M. (sorry, honey!). While it requires a lot of originality and creative thought, creating your world can be almost as fun as creating and getting to know your characters! Here are some fun little tips to help anyone like me, who might be better with character development and dialog than the setting.

      1. Draw a map of your story’s world. If you’re anything like me, this will feel kind of silly to you at first. After all, we are writers, not artists. However, when creating a new world composed up of smaller towns and cities or villages, it can be easy to get it all confused or lose track of where you were or what belongs where. Readers will be confused if your character initially lives on the north side of an urban city, only to suddenly begin describing his life in the east part of town. By drawing yourself a map with a small index key, you simplify your own writing process as you navigate throughout different parts of your world.

      2. Don’t freak yourself out by over-researching before you start writing. I am guilty as all hell of this one, which is why I know it’s a valuable tip (if you can help yourself)! When we first begin developing an idea, many of us rush to start researching so we can hopefully pack in as much detail and accuracy as possible. While working on my dystopian universe, for example, I found myself spending hours on Google and Pintrest looking up themes and inspiration, which was tons of fun! However, when I started the research, I had a very different idea of where this novel was going then after putting the computer away for the night. While research is an important part of the writing process, too much research too early into your draft can lead to distorting the story in an attempt to incorporate the research. I personally find it much easier to do research for my short stories and novels as I write them, or even after jotting down the initial first draft. This way, the research is used to support what I have already written instead of suggesting what I should write.

      3. Consider all of the different aspects of your world. While the sensory details and setting are important, there’s a lot more that goes into creating an alternate world. What is the history of your world? Who is in charge of creating and enforcing the laws? What are the laws, and what type of punishments do lawbreakers face? Is religion present? Technology? Mythology? Magical or supernatural elements? Does your fantasy world ever intersect with the world we live in? What happens if it does?

      4. Familiarize yourself with the worlds other writers have created. What elements of craft does J.K. Rowling use to make Hogwarts and the wizarding world come to life and feel real for the reader? How does Tolkien transport readers into the Shire? What techniques do you need to practice to create your very own Wonderland or Westeros?

      5. Don’t be afraid to borrow from things you know and understand. While you might not know anything about mysterious elves or zombie apocalypses or practicing magic, you can fake it to an extent. After all, this is your world and your story. Having trouble coming up with a futuristic device for your badass alien assassin? Don’t be afraid to pull inspiration from the world around you. Maybe the aliens don’t use .45s these days, but that doesn’t mean the plasma laser can’t possess the same shape and basic mechanics. Hell, if you’re feeling especially clever or creative that day, find ways to repurpose common household items. I can’t tell you how many neat futuristic devices I’ve written about after an almost deadly encounter with a child’s toy in the middle of the night. It’s common knowledge in this world that Legos were sent to kill parents. Why not look at that creepy Furby you’ve hidden in the back of your closet and use it to inspire your next creature of terror? As long as you do your job right, your readers will never know how you created such a fearsome monster, and you can throw the little ball of evil away when you’re finished exploiting its ideas.

      6. Do your best to avoid the cliches and stereotypes. It’s incredibly easy to get caught writing what has already been done a million times: damsels in distress and white knights coming to their rescue, sad orphans who go on to be the “Chosen One,” one-dimensional characters who all look and act suspiciously alike…honestly, it gets really freaking boring to read the same plot over and over with different details. While the stereotypes and archetypes have been popular for centuries, and provide a great template for how to structure your world a bit, you want to make sure your world is unique to your plot and characters. If you happen to write a novel about a group of three magical teenagers with special powers who all go to school together to learn to use their powers, but one boy is somehow the Chosen One born to save the magical community…you’re already dangerously close to essentially writing Harry Potter fanfic. If fanfic is your genre of choice, awesome! If you’re attempting to create your own story with unique characters and plot, though, you might want to rethink that idea. While reading is a great place to find inspiration and ideas, be careful not to duplicate another writer’s world or fill it full of stereotypes and cliches. Much like no two countries are the same, no two fantasy worlds should be either.

      7. Give your world character! No, not characters (although we’ll add those later), but character of its own. To create great fiction, your world and setting need to come alive from the beginning. Think of your setting almost like an invisible character of its own. What is the biography or history of your setting? How has it changed over time? What changes are anticipated to come? How does your setting affect the way your characters feel or behave? The two biggest pieces of advice from my undergraduate studies I try to incorporate often are that settings should have imperfect histories much like characters, and sensory details should be linked to emotions. Instead of just telling us it is raining outside, tell us how the rain feels and smells to your main character. Does your character have any special memories about rain in this particular spot? Does your character feel a knot in his stomach every time he passes the burnt down library, or a spark of happiness every time she enters the dining hall? Share those details with your reader, helping them connect to your world as much as you have.

      8. Above all else, remember your setting and world are not your entire story! Even though you might have created a fantasy universe you really love, the world is there to support the plot and characters, not overtake them. Build your world around your story and characters in a way that serves their needs. Don’t be afraid to cut out parts that aren’t necessary or don’t add to the plot, regardless of how cool they might seem or how fun they were to write. Remember, you’re writing a fiction novel, not a LOTR world guide. Use action and dialog to explore your world and draw your reader in. Keep in mind, the reader is there for the plot and characters. The kick-ass world you spent weeks making is just a supporting detail at the end of the day, as much as that breaks my heart to acknowledge.

              Planning and world creation are supposed to be the “fun parts” of writing (or so I keep getting told). If you find yourself pulling your hair out trying to figure out how to squish it all together, set it down for a while. Come back to it later, when you feel relaxed and ready to spend time exploring the inner workings of your imagination. It takes practice, but if authors like Rowling and Tolkien have shown us anything, it’s that well-crafted worlds can live on with readers for years to come. I’m off to go work on the pieces to my fantasy puzzle now. Happy writing, everyone!

Writing with Distractions: When the “Real World” Screws Your Creativity


      If you’re anything like me, writing during the summer months can feel particularly challenging. Between the warm weather and all of the opportunities to socialize, finding the time to sit down and write can feel like climbing a mountain. Imagine this: you’re on a crowded bus or in the middle of a social event when inspiration suddenly strikes you. This person would make a great anti-hero, or perhaps this setting would be perfect for that one scene in that one story you’re working on. You end up shifting in your seat, biting your nails anxiously waiting for this to finally be over, waiting for the ability to make it back to your journal/laptop/typewriter to start bringing your ideas to life. You race home, full of excitement and inspiration…

…only to remember you live with your children/roommates/spouse, or you left the dishes in the sink in your hurry to leave earlier, or there’s just too much background noise and distraction for you to focus on actually honing your craft. Believe me, I get it. As I write this, there are little squeals and shrieks filling my home as the children play. Later tonight, my partner will be home excited to discuss the events of his day, regardless of what I seem to be working on. Our two fur-babies seem to have the most interest in cuddling on my lap when I’ve opened up my laptop to do something productive. Every few minutes, my focus will be torn away by a cry for mommy, or a cat attempting to climb across the keys, or the occasional loud conversation from the neighbors above us.

      All of this is, of course, an attempt to pretend I don’t get distracted by social media surfing and memes.

      So, what’s a writer to do living in a world full of distractions? Do we stifle the creative thinking in an attempt to be more present and engaged with our surroundings? Do we do our best to remember our ideas and place them on a back-burner until we finally find some time for ourselves? (Okay, seriously, if your life is anything like mine I do not advocate that last idea; you’ll never write anything down but ideas.) How can you tune out the sights and sounds of your environment long enough to accomplish your writing goals? Well, friends, buckle up, because I’m about to tell you how to get away with writing through distractions, otherwise known as making crazy creativity look normal.

      The first suggestion would be to try to limit your distractions. If you’re anything like me, you just read that last line and snorted, possibly even rolling your eyes. Don’t worry, I get it. It’s not like you can just send the kids off for a month long camping trip in the woods, or teach the dog how to use the toilet like everyone else. Distractions are going to happen, no doubt about it, and you can’t always turn your back on them or tune them out. However, not every distraction is unavoidable, or life and death in that moment. Don’t be afraid to tell your family, “Hey, I’ve got some work to do tonight, so I’ll be in my room/office/special chair for a while. Please only bother me if someone is literally dying.” Do your best to ask for support where you need it and limit the number of times someone breaks your concentration to ask for an extra juice box.

      If you notice you’re still struggling to focus even when you finally manage to lock yourself away for a bit of alone time, don’t be timid about switching up your rituals and routine to discover why. I once knew a girl who used music to help her fall into her “creativity zone.” She would spend hours building playlists of music she thought she’d enjoy writing to. Most of the time, however, she would then find herself tabbing out of her writing software to skip or change songs she found distracting. Eventually, she realized she was spending more time and focus on creating her writing playlists and finding acceptable tunes than she actually was writing. She switched over to listening to electronica (is it still called that? Pretty sure that’s still what the kids are calling it) while working, and her productivity has never been higher. When I asked her why, she laughed and told me, “Since I don’t listen to this stuff in my car or for fun or whatever, I don’t really have an attachment to what song plays next. When I’m in my zone and focused, it all honestly sounds the same to me.” While serious amounts of bass and auto-tune may not be the magic solution to improving your concentration, making small changes to your routine can help you cut out unnecessary distractions and time-wasters, an invaluable action when free time can be so difficult to come by in the first place.

      If Facebook and Twitter seem to be more your weakness, you’re not alone in that either. Social media has become one of the easiest ways to keep in touch with friends and network, but it can also present a major source of inattention for many of us hoping to be productive on the internet. Just “checking in” or “reading this one article really quickly” can quickly turn into two hours spent browsing memes and replying to comments, only to realize you’re out of time and you’ve written little besides your name on the page. The easiest answer? Shut that shit down. Close out all of your internet browser tabs before even opening your Word document; you’ll thank yourself later. Does that require a bit more willpower than you’re capable of? No worries, thanks to living in the age of technology, there are tons of apps and software available to help writers focus and limit distractions. While Microsoft Word may be the most familiar and easiest to use for most new writers, software such as Scrivener and Ulysses help writers limit distractions while fully engaging in the creation of their story (if figuring out the software itself doesn’t pose too much of a distraction!). Full-screening your word processing software can help minimize webpages and apps in the background just begging for your attention.

      Visual clutter can be as much of a distraction as having a three-year-old in your lap enthusiastically blabbing on about the bird they just drew. For me, nothing kills my motivation and creativity quite as quickly as slipping into my office, only to notice the empty cups piled on the desk or the pile of little papers all over the room I’ve scribbled notes on. While it can be tempting to start organizing that pile of sticky notes or washing the dishes before they pile up, don’t. Trust me. Just find a way to shove them out of your line of vision for now. I promise, that trash will still be waiting for you later when your house is too unsettled to concentrate on writing. If you’re anything like me, tidying up this one little thing will somehow turn into hours spent rearranging and cleaning your house, and while your office might shine you’ll have little else to show for it.

      But what about those times when writing is just not an option? Is there a way to continue working on your craft while supervising the small children with paint at the kitchen table? Well…yes and no. For me personally, there is no way I can focus on developing my plot or characters while the kids are climbing all over me. I’ve tried countless times throughout the years, but little people have a talent for demanding the majority of your focus and attention while they’re up and about. However, this doesn’t mean I have to put all of my creativity to rest until bed time rolls around. Instead, I find other ways to work on my story, things that require less focus and concentration than the actual writing part. Sure, I may not be able to churn out my quick-paced action scene while cooking dinner for the family, but I can use that time for researching parts of my story I need more information to write, or doing lesser character-development exercises. Occasionally, I can even accomplish my first round of edits and cuts while attending a tea party with Barbie and her friends. I’m not saying it’s easy, but I am saying it’s possible.

      In the end, you have to want it badly enough to make it work and find a way to juggle your work/life balance (or, in the case of many writers, work/work/life) that leaves enough time to perfect your craft distraction-free. You have to be willing to turn off the television, or tell your friend “not today” from time to time. Until we find a way to transport writers and artistic types to another planet to do their work distraction-free, one of the most challenging parts of writing will always be finding a way to squish time for your passion in with the rest of your life. While there are days it might all seem impossible, believe me when I say it CAN be done.

It just might require an extra couple of cups of coffee.

Ditch Those Cardboard Characters: How to Write More Realistic Characters in Fiction


      Imagine yourself as a reader who has just spent $10 or so on a new book. You open it and read it through, excited to see what twists and turns the author has laid out for you. The plot is intricate and engaging, the setting dynamic and full of beautiful detail and imagery, and at first things seem to be going perfect. There’s just one tiny little problem: you aren’t really crazy about the protagonist.

      The main character is this perfect guy or gal who lives this fairly comfortable life. Or, perhaps he is a complete underdog who is consistently dealing with the deck being stacked against him. Either way, they happen to always make the right choice. They are incredibly attractive, successful, and talented, even if the world hasn’t figured it out yet. Perhaps even the villains fall a bit flat, portraying an image of evil for the sake of pure evil. Though the book had potential to be one of your favorites, you walk away feeling pretty….let down.

      Shout it from the rooftops, one of the most important things you can remember when writing fiction is that people are not flat and one-dimensional. They seldom do things for only one motivation or are driven by only one force. Black-and-white answers to problems are almost as rare as miracles. Humans are messy, complicated creatures. That’s what makes them so interesting to read and write about. The fact is, no one wants to read about a hero’s journey where the hero doesn’t change or learn anything. Maybe the hero has a massive fear of public speaking he has to face to get his message across to the world. Maybe she’s a wee bit forgetful and happens to miss an important engagement and hurt someone’s feelings. Maybe he just lies, often, and can’t seem to figure out why. When it comes to crafting characters, I like to think back to people I know in the “real world.” What makes them so interesting to be around? What are some of their weird quirks and habits? What massive contradictions exist within their personality? Is she a hardcore feminist with a secret nostalgia for the 1950s? Maybe he’s a bit of a misogynist because he secretly believes women are smarter. The possibilities are endless when it comes to creating depth within your characters.

      For me personally, I find the same to be true of antagonists and villains. Being evil for the sake of evil is a bit overrated, and doesn’t honestly make a whole lot of sense in the real world. Why is this person so hell-bent on stopping our hero from reaching their goals? Is it self-preservation? Was there a defining moment that upset our antagonist enough to turn towards the dark side? Maybe, in a different lighting, the “bad guy’s” motives are even understandable. Maybe he believes he’s saving society, or doing what he must because no one else is willing. While it might seem counter-intuitive to create sympathy for your antagonist, it makes for a much more interesting story for the reader. Off the top of my head, a great example of this is the Divergent series by Veronica Roth. Without giving too much away (spoiler alert!), there are several different antagonists introduced throughout the series. All have their own motives for their not-so-ethical behavior, despite their opposition to the MC’s goals. The problem is, even though you can see where all of them are coming from, they are all still pretty bad guys. You’re left with watching the MC attempt to choose between the lesser of all of the evils. It’s unsettling, sure…but so is life, which is what made it a great story.

      As I write this, I am staring at the manuscript open in another document, wondering if there is enough depth to some of my background characters. While I am often mindful of the detail I add into my protagonist, the supporting characters have a habit of falling a bit flat at times. Thankfully, I have the rest of this summer to focus on NANOWRIMO and edits. For now, I think I’ll brew a pot of coffee and return to my book. After all, the best writing often comes from intensive reading.

Be well!